Hallmarks are authenticating marks struck on most silver items produced or offered for sale in Ireland. Since the Assay Office in Dublin Castle has been the only body with the authority to perform this task. The marks serve several functions:. In Ireland, sterling silver is not less than Below are a few examples and a guide to reading antique Irish silver hallmarks, followed by photos of as many date letters as I could manage. JS; this is the maker, John Smyth of Dublin. This is the stamp for 3.
Dating walker and hall silver plate
To the naked eye, French silver plate often looks identical to French solid silver. It take close inspection and knowledge of a few key features to reliably tell the difference. Silver plating is the process of applying a thin layer of silver to another, inexpensive, metal, such as nickel or copper.
ELKINGTON ELECTROPLATE SILVER AND SILVER PLATE. MARKS – HALLMARKS – DATE LETTERS Elkington – Elkington & Co – Elkington & C (note 11).
Silver plating was a revolutionary innovation that was both developed and perfected by Christofle company founder C. With silver plating, it suddenly became possible to democratize the trade of silversmithing in order to make beautiful silver pieces more affordable for customers. With silver plating, customers who had previously coveted items in the Christofle line, but were turned off by the price had a way to get the pieces they loved.
Silver plating was the heart of the Christofle legacy, and it could be used for every product category except for jewelry. However, even with silver plated items, it was still important that pieces be easily identifiable as part of the Christofle line. Today, many customers have questions about the items in their collection and the amount of silver they contain.
The first Christofle standard full mark was used from This oval marking is usually accompanied by several other marks:. Beginning in , a second standard full mark was used.
Identifying English silver. Is it silver, plated or alpaca?
I have several older pieces of silver; trays, plate, silverware, and am having trouble finding ways to identify them. I would like to start with 2 items and hope I can get pics up. This small silver tray is a EPC piece but the other markings I cannot find.
English silver has, for hundreds of years, been accepted as the finest in the world. By law, no marks may be placed on Sheffield Plate to resemble sterling marks The exact date of the discovery that led to the production of Sheffield Plate is.
Our goal is to include every important online source of silver, gold, and jewelry marks on this list. If you know of any marks sites that aren’t listed below, please contact us at chicagosilver charter. For an index to this master list of marks, click here. Chicago Silver Marks. Kalo Marks. Deciphering Numbers on Silver from Assn. Initial Marks. Pictorial Marks. Silverplate Marks.
Unidentified Marks. International Marks — Overview. British Marks. Chinese Export Silver Marks. Danish Marks.
Silver plate date marks
The vast majority of English, Scottish and Irish silver produced in the last years is stamped with either 4 or 5 symbols, known as hallmarks. The prime purpose of these marks is to show that the metal of the item upon which they are stamped is of a certain level of purity. The metal is tested and marked at special offices, regulated by the government, known as assay offices.
Cheap silver plates. Gorham date is a little or copper wine bottle coasters silver plate makers also added quality marks are many clues. Hallmarks antique silver.
Silver is one of the first metals known to man. A small concentration of silver can kill harmful bacteria and was used to prevent infection before the use of antibiotics. British sterling silver is easy to identify as it has always has a lion stamped on it. But what do the other marks mean? The other marks are interesting as they show exactly where an item was made, who made it and when.
This hallmarking identification dates from AD and is still being used today. This is the British assay mark proving that the piece has been tested as This mark was used between December and April If there are no marks, then it is NOT sterling silver. You may need a magnifier or jeweller’s loupe to find the mark, but it will be there if it is English silver.
sheffield silver plate marks
A view of Geislingen factory taken from the WMF headed form. One of my “Hungarian” tea glass holders. AS is the abbreviation of “Alpacca Silber”. Some WMF hollow ware marks from the second group
American silver plate marks are hard to decipher because there were so many makers of silver plated goods dating from the s, and of course no uniform.
But, to be honest, some are much better than others. Use this guide to discover some of the favorite spots where those in the know go online. You will learn to understand and research silver origins, craftsmen, and manufacturers using hallmarks, along with a few online value guides to help you with that daunting task as well. There are many different grades of silver, and even antique items that look like silver such as German silver, nickel silver, and alpaca but are not at all what they appear to be.
This guide will help you decipher the basic marks associated with silver and understand exactly what they mean. This popular site is highly recommended by avid collectors and antique dealers alike. Also has a section of silver plate marks, which can sometimes be even more obscure and harder to identify than sterling silver maker’s marks. If you’re sure your piece is American made, this is a great place to start your research.
The Story of English Silver
Mappin this page examples of , and silver number were used together with mark note On marks page examples of , and date letters using and note Elkington and of marks presented on this page is based on the information contained in:. A suggested hypothesis is that Elkington elkington some work to John Henry Potter of Rockingham Works, Sheffield to fulfil some silver commission possibly the contract with the Hotel Cecil in And which was being built in note.
Maker’s Mark, National Mark, silver purity, Town Mark (Turku) and Date British Silver Plate Marks- Encyclopedia of Silver Marks, Hallmarks & Makers’ Marks.
See also the definitions page in this guide for additional information on hallmark components. Note at centre of the image at right the four elements of the hallmark. Detailed image of hallmark far right. Locate the assay office. If your item does not have one of the standard fineness marks, either traditional or numerical, then it is probably silver plate or is from another county. Go no further. The date letter shows the year that assaying was carried out.
The date letter example above represents Prior to the date letter varied for every office. After that it became uniform for every city. Since , the date letter has been optional. Most silver and goldsmiths making bespoke pieces will still opt to use the date letter, however for mass produced silver items it saves the importers money to leave it off. It should have the initials within a shield. The item may also have some commemorative or duty marks.
Everything You Need to Know About Identifying Silver
Founded in Walker and Hall were one of the few companies to obligingly marks their wares with a dating system. Collectors are now beginning to appreciate that early electro-plate is a long neglected area, and interest in the outstanding quality of these pieces is quickly growing. Being able to date a piece precisely not only adds interest to the piece but also value.
Silverplate Marks Illustrated – Most extensive internet resource for silver marks: marks and hallmarks of Sheffield silver including date letters.
The joy of collecting British silver is the variety of choice this is mainly due to the hallmark. The subject of hallmarks is sometimes thought to be a complicated one, but this is not so, each hallmark can broken down into four individual marks. Firstly and probably most important is lion passant, this stamp of a lion seen from side on indicates that the item is made from sterling silver which is parts per thousand.
I am often asked why Birmingham, so far from the sea, has an anchor for the town mark. The story is that in the late 18th Century Matthew Boulton was sending his silverware to Chester to be hallmarked, as that was the closest assay office to Birmingham, unfortunately due to the condition of the roads his work was often damaged in transit.
He decided to petition Parliament for an assay office in Birmingham. The two parties met in a pub near Parliament called The Crown and Anchor and with the toss of a coin Birmingham mark became the anchor and Sheffield the crown, later a rose. The assay office was opened in New Street on 31st August and the first customer was Matthew Boulton. As with all valuable metals fakes and forgeries do occur, I have come across hallmarks that have been removed from one item and let in to another to make it appear older and more valuable.
This is why experts often breathe on hallmarks, by doing so the outline of any joins will become visible. I have seen silver converted from item to another, christening mug to cream jugs is a particular favourite! The hallmark has been a guarantee and standard benchmark of quality since the 16th Century up to the present day and I my opinion is one of our Great British traditions that is envied the world over.
Posted on 5 June in: Auction life. My Fieldings